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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2017  |  Volume : 3  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 29-33

Safety, efficacy, and functional outcome of elastic stable intramedullary nailing in unstable fractures of both bones of forearm in children


Paediatric Orthopaedics Unit, Christian Medical College, Vellore, Tamil Nadu, India

Correspondence Address:
Vrisha Madhuri
Professor and Head, Paediatric Orthopaedics Unit, Christian Medical College, Vellore - 632 004, Tamil Nadu
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/2249-9008.200293

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Aims: To determine the clinical profile and clinical, functional, and radiological outcomes and complications in children who underwent elastic stable intramedullary nailing (ESIN) for unstable fractures of both bones of forearm. Materials and Methods: A retrospective observational study was conducted in the Paediatric Orthopaedic Unit of the institution. Children with forearm fractures, who underwent ESIN of both the bones with titanium nails from January 2004 to June 2010, were included in the study. Clinical evaluation for deformity, range of motion at wrist and elbow, Daruwalla’s grading for forearm fractures, and radiological evaluation for bony union, malalignment, and radial bow were done. Paediatric Outcomes Data Collection Instrument (PODCI) questionnaire was used to assess functional outcome. Results: Twenty-six patients were followed up for a mean of 2.14 years. These included one primary internal fixation for unstable injury in a 15-year old, 10 open fractures, and 15 with malalignment after closed reduction. Age ranged from 5 to 15 years (mean of 11.39). Average time to bony union was 6 weeks. Twelve children had excellent, 12 good, and two fair outcomes according to Daruwalla’s grade. Average PODCI score was 50.78 (standardized range is minimum of −140 to maximum of 53). There were no major complications related to ESIN. Three patients had paraesthesia over superficial radial nerve distribution, three patients had hypertrophied scars, and one patient had superficial wound infection. One child had distal radial physeal arrest following inadvertent physeal injury during implant removal. Conclusion: ESIN is safe and effective for internal fixation of unstable forearm fractures.


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